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Agave americana/Century Plant

Agave americana / Agave americana
Young plants growing around a mature plants
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Young plants growing around a mature plants

Plants growing in a dry soil in full sunlight

Featured, specimen century plant

Permanent plant within a bed of seasonal flowering annuals

Flowering stalk towering some ten to twelve feet above parent plant that will die following flowering

A clump of agaves

Thick gray leaves

Century plant used as a focal point

Agave plants in a dry, naturalistic setting

Flowering stalk towers over the parent plant

Close-up of a stalk with branches of flowers

A stalk of century plant flowers in St. Francisville, La

A parent plant with tall stalk above beginning to colapse during flowering stage and will eventually die, but giving rise to "pups," or new plants around the base

Has a spectacular floral offering for several weeks that plant is in bloom

Used as a container plant atop a fence in Florida

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Scientific Name: Agave americana
Common Name: Century Plant
Plant Type:
Leaf Type: None
Hardiness Zone: 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 Determine Your Zone
Height: 5-8 feet
Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Light Exposure: Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist, Dry
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Low
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants for Xeriscapes
Plants That Attract Butterflies
Plants That Attract Hummingbirds
Comments: The thick and massive gray-green leaves originate from a basal rosette. They do not require 100 years to flower but generally will bloom in 10+ years. After flowering, offsets called pups, form at the base of the plant, and the main plant dies. Spines on the leaves of this and other agaves are hazardous. Must have full sunlight and a sandy, well drained soil. An excellent accent plant for raised planters and other large containers.