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Aesculus pavia/Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia / Aesculus pavia
Buckeye nuts encased in brown husks
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Buckeye nuts encased in brown husks

Single flower in early spring

Large, mature shrub in full flower (spring)

Fresh, emerging foliage in late winter to early spring

Close-up of floral spike

Buckeye nuts (summer)

Floral spike

Large, prominent floral or growth buds in late winter

New foliage in late winter through early spring

Floral spike and compound leaves

Early stage of floral development

Nuts hanging in a mature buckeye tree

Large buckeye shrub in flower

New emerging foliage coming from a large bud in late winter or very early spring

Early spring emerging foliage

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Scientific Name: Aesculus pavia
Common Name: Red Buckeye
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone
Height: 10-15 feet
Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: Red
Fruit present: Summer
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist, Wet,
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Medium
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants for Xeriscapes
Plants That Attract Butterflies
Plants That Attract Hummingbirds
Shrubs, Fruiting
Comments: Provides a source of nectar for early arriving hummingbirds. The seeds are posionous. It does not like dry soil. This plant can be grown as a intermediate sized shrub, but will become tree-like in ten years or so. Excellent shrub for woodland gardens and other naturalistic plantings. There is a saying that keeping a buckeye nut in your pocket or purse will bring good luck.