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Cyrtomium falcatum/Holly Leaf Fern

Cyrtomium falcatum / Cyrtomium falcatum
Excellent ground cover in relatively heavy shade
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Excellent ground cover in relatively heavy shade

Small volunteer plants growing from air borne spores deposited on moss covered bricks

Holly ferns grow in narrow strips of soil provided the site is protected from hot direct sunlight

Ground cover planting with plants set approximately 4' apart

Holly fern color a nice contrast to the dark green of the mondo

Holly fern growing in the shade of a live oak tree

Accent specimen growing in dwarf mondo ground cover

Large well established clumps like this can be divided and sections can be replanted in other locations

Holly ferns planted close together make heavy mass of ground covering foliage

Relatively young plants

Clumps of ferns need grooming each year in late winter. Remove old browning foliage just before new spring growth begins

Excellent ground cover beneath the canopy of live oak trees

Rich, glossy summer foliage

Border planting adjacent to brick path

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Scientific Name: Cyrtomium falcatum
Common Name: Holly Leaf Fern
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 8, 9, 10, 11 Determine Your Zone
Height: 1-2 feet
Spread: 1-2 feet
Light Exposure: Part Sun, Filtered Shade, Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Moderate
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
No
Landscape Categories: Deer Resistant-Tolerant Plants
Comments: One of the best ferns for growing in beds and as a ground cover in shady, moist locations. Excellent for use in floral arrangements. There is a dwarf growing variety that is generally less than one foot in height. Periodic grooming is normally required to clean large clumps of old, browning foliage. Performs best when plants are growing in a soil that contains a generous amount of humus. Large clumps can be divided into smaller units during the winter months. Subject to leaf scorch in full sunlight. Makes an excellent ground cover.