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Chionanthus virginicus /Fringe Tree

Chionanthus virginicus  / Chionanthus virginicus
Cluster of white fringed flowers
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Cluster of white fringed flowers

Autumn foliage

Relatively young tree in full bloom

Close-up of large leaves in autumn color


Young redbird eating mature berries

Flowering specimen tree in front of other trees

Outstanding lawn specimen tree

Fringe-like flowers in March

Example of the heavy fruitset on a Fringe Tree at the North Carolina Arboretum near Asheville, NC

Nearing the stage of development when birds will begin to eat the berries

Close view of mature fruit

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Scientific Name: Chionanthus virginicus
Common Name: Fringe Tree
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone
Height: 15-20 feet
Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: White
Fruit present: Summer, Fall
Fruit color: Green, Purple
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun, Filtered Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Moderate
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants that Attract Birds
Plants with Fragrance
Trees, Fruiting
Comments: An excellent, spring flowering, native tree. Does fairly well on dry sites and was a favorite of Thomas Jefferson who planted it at Monticello. Can be shrublike for several years after planting. Fruit on female plants only. Fruit reported to be a favorite food of wild turkeys. Selection 'Emerald Knight' is a male form with large, leathery, dark green leaves. Holds foliage late.