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Celtis laevagata/Hackberry

Celtis laevagata / Celtis laevagata
Specimen lawn tree
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Specimen lawn tree

Hackberry in winter dormancy

Early spring flowers and emerging foliage

Close-up of foliage and hackberry nuts that birds enjoy eating

Foliage and hackberry nuts in autumn

Foliage and nuts

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Scientific Name: Celtis laevagata
Common Name: Hackberry
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Determine Your Zone
Height: over 50 feet
Spread: to 1 foot
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: White, Red, Purple
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Red
Light Exposure: Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist, Wet,
Rate of Growth: Moderate
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants that Attract Birds
Comments: Adapted to a variety of soil conditions from wet to dry. Many birds eat the seeds in fall and winter. American goldfinch love nut-like fruit. A long-lived tree in the Lower South. Old specimens are much more attractive than young trees. Will grow in chalky, alkaline soils. Difficult to grow other plants beneath canopy of hackberry trees because of the shallow, fibrous, highly competitive root system. Very competitive for available moisture and nutrients.