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Heteromeles arbutifolia/Toyon, Christmas Berry

Heteromeles arbutifolia / Heteromeles arbutifolia
Late fall and winter berries
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Late fall and winter berries

Typical trunk of a well established specimen plant

Foliage of the Toyon

Closer view of the lance-shaped leaves

Terminal cluster of foliage

Berries and foliage

Close view of berries and foliage


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Scientific Name: Heteromeles arbutifolia
Common Name: Toyon, Christmas Berry
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8, 9 Determine Your Zone
Height: 8-10 feet
Spread: 5 - 10 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: White
Fruit present: Fall, Winter
Fruit color: Red
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun, Filtered Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Dry
Rate of Growth: Moderate
Water Requirement: Low
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories:
Comments: This is an evergreen shrub, often multi-trunked which is associated with dry landscapes of California, especially close to the beach and in other southwest states. It is deer resistant once it becomes well established, although deer may eat the young, tender foliage if there are not better choices.