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Fraxinus excelsior /Common European Ash


Compound leaves on young tree

Close view of compound leaves

Smooth, browish tree triunk

Young tree in a landscape

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Scientific Name: Fraxinus excelsior
Common Name: Common European Ash
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone
Height: over 50 feet
Spread: 30 - 40 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: Purple
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Brown
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Landscape Categories: Plants for Xeriscapes
Comments: Flowers are not very showy and open before leaves appear. This ash is readily distinguished from others in that it has black buds. Male and female flowers can occur on the same tree, but a tree can produce just one kind one year and the other the next. Its timber is valuable in the making a wide variety of tools, sports equipment, and furniture. Can tolerate droughty soils.