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Pithecelobium flexicaule /Texas Ebony

Pithecelobium flexicaule  / Pithecelobium flexicaule
Specimen tree at the Houston Botanical Garden
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Specimen tree at the Houston Botanical Garden

Dense tree form

Close-up of the compound leaves

Evergreen compound leaves

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Scientific Name: Pithecelobium flexicaule
Common Name: Texas Ebony
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 9, 10, 11 Determine Your Zone
Height: 20-30 feet
Spread: 15 - 20 feet
Bloom time: Spring, Summer
Flower color: White
Fruit present: Summer, Fall, Winter
Fruit color: Brown
Light Exposure: Sun, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Dry
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Low
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants with Fragrance
Comments: This is an evergreen tree native to Mexico and Texas that produces short branches, compound leaves and small, plume-like spikes of fragrant white to light yellow flowers in late spring and early summer. Flowers are followed by brown seed pods that are edible. The tree contains short thorns hidden among the dense acacia-like leaves. The gray bark is also quite nice on mature trees. This tree is especially good for xeriscape landscape projects and other places where small trees are needed for dry, gravelly soils. This tree is sometimes grown in large interior landscapes. It makes an excellent bonsai specimen.