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Gossypium hirsutum/Upland Cotton

Gossypium hirsutum / Gossypium hirsutum
The commercial cotton plant with "squares" (flower buds)
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The commercial cotton plant with "squares" (flower buds)

Cotton plant with flower that was open for pollination the day before and a flower buds ready to open for the current day

Red leaf cotton sometimes used to mark special points in a field of regular cotton

Red leaf cotton with yesterday's flower

Young developing bolls of cotton

Open cotton ready for harvest

Field of open cotton in the north Louisiana Delta area

Close-up of a boll of open cotton

Field of cotton ready for harvest

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Scientific Name: Gossypium hirsutum
Common Name: Upland Cotton
Height: 2- 5 feet
Spread: 2 -3 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: White, Pink
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: White
Light Exposure: Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Medium
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories:
Comments: This is the cotton plant grown for the commercial harvested cotton. Although technically a perennial it is grown as an annual in the South, but cannot tolerate frosts. Cotton seeds are planted in the spring and cotton is harvested in the fall. It requires full sunlight and a well drained soil and a lot of fertilizer to produce a commercial crop of cotton. Member of the okra and hibiscus family the flower is open only for a single day as a cream colored flower and the second day the flower is closed and turned a hot pink in color. After pollination bolls of the cotton develop over a couple of months and the bolls open in late autumn and expose the white fluffy cotton that contain seeds.