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Vitis vinifera /California Grapes

Vitis vinifera  / Vitis vinifera
Grape vineyard in California
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Grape vineyard in California

Rows of grape vines in Napa Valley, California

Grapes trained to grow on wire supports

Fruit in California vineyard in late July

Vine laden with fruit in Sonoma Valley, California

A dormant vine just afte winter pruning

A vineyard in northern Italy in early spring

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Scientific Name: Vitis vinifera
Common Name: California Grapes
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone
Height: 10-15 feet
Spread: 5 - 10 feet
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Purple
Light Exposure: Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Low
Maintenance Level: Medium
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Bark, Trunk, and Branch Features
Plants for Xeriscapes
Comments: This is the grape that is used for commercial fruit and wine production, but it also can be used as a fast growing vine on landscape structures provided that they are made of heavy duty materials to handle the aggressive and heavy growth of the vines. Select a site in full sunlight with a well drained soil. Pruning is required every winter to help control diseases and maximize fruit production.