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Vitis rotundifolia /Southern Muscadine

Vitis rotundifolia  / Vitis rotundifolia
Ripened fruit and foliage
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Ripened fruit and foliage

Ripe fruit in late summer

Muscadine vine trained on a structure

Close-up of ripe muscadines

A selection with golden colored fruit

A wild muscadine vine growing in the canopy of trees

Vineyard in summer

Clusters of fruit on improved selection of muscadine

Fruit ripening in August

Vine on trellis with heavy crop of fruit

Varieties vary in size znd color of fruit

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Scientific Name: Vitis rotundifolia
Common Name: Southern Muscadine
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 7, 8, 9 Determine Your Zone
Height: 30-50 feet
Spread: 30 - 40 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Purple, Black
Light Exposure: Sun, Filtered Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants that Attract Birds
Comments: This is a native vine that grows freely over much of the South. It produces fruit that is used in making jellies, jams and wines. Improved cultivars are available that produce large, delicious fruit. This vine is well adapted to use on large landscape structures like arbors and pergolas but they need to be made of heavy materials to support the heavy and aggressive growth of muscadine vines. Late in the season muscadine foliage often shows signs of fungal leaf spot diseases. Severe pruning is normally required every late winter.