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Betula nigra/River Birch

Betula nigra / Betula nigra
River birch trees often have multiple trunks
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River birch trees often have multiple trunks

Shade tree planted close to house

Autumn color can often be quite good

Close-up of exfoliating (peeling) bark

River birch tree in dormant (winter) stage

Clump of closely planted river birch trees

Used as a lawn tree

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Scientific Name: Betula nigra
Common Name: River Birch
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Determine Your Zone
Height: over 50 feet
Spread: 20- 30 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: High
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Bark, Trunk, and Branch Features
Deer Resistant-Tolerant Plants
Plants for Autumn Color
Comments: Aphids and fungus leaf spots can be a serious problem. It is fast growing, but short lived. Yellow or clorotic leaves occur in neutral to slightly alkaline soils. An acceptable tree for about ten years and then dieback occurs. A distinguishing feature is the exfoliating (peeling) bark that is most attractive during the early years.