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Salix nigra/Black Willow

Salix nigra / Salix nigra
A natural stand of black willows along a highway adjacent to a roadside ditch
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A natural stand of black willows along a highway adjacent to a roadside ditch

Early spring flowers just as the foliage begins to emerge

Part of a canopy in full spring bloom

Spring flowers

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Scientific Name: Salix nigra
Common Name: Black Willow
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Determine Your Zone
Height: 20-30 feet
Spread: 20- 30 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: Yellow
Fruit present: Summer
Fruit color: White
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun, Filtered Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist, Wet,
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Medium
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories:
Comments: This deciduous tree is prevalent along water edges and other moist sites over much of the U.S. It is an pioneer woody species in natural succession of wetlands. This tree is relatively short lived, has brittle wood and dieback of twigs and branches makes it a high maintenance tree in well groomed landscapes. Considered a nuisance in cultivated fields. This is one tree that fill soil can be placed several feet up the trunk and the tree continues to live.