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Sabal palmetto /Cabbage Palm

Sabal palmetto  / Sabal palmetto
Native palm of South Carolina with huge sprays of seeds
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Native palm of South Carolina with huge sprays of seeds

Avenue planting of cabbage palms

Close-up of seeds on heavily branched stalk

A grove of mature palms planted on close centers

Early stage of flowering

Huge stalks of flowers growing beyond the edges of the palm canopy

Early stage of development for the palm seeds

Large panicles of flowers in spring

Panicles of flowers like these, a common occurrence on large mature palm trees

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Scientific Name: Sabal palmetto
Common Name: Cabbage Palm
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 8, 9, 10, 11 Determine Your Zone
Height: 30-50 feet
Spread: 10 - 15 feet
Bloom time: Summer
Flower color: White
Fruit present: Summer, Fall, Winter
Fruit color: Green, Black
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun, Filtered Shade, Morning sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist, Wet,
Rate of Growth: Moderate
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
No
Landscape Categories: Bark, Trunk, and Branch Features
Palms and Palm-like Plants
Trees, Fruiting
Comments: This palm produces huge fan-shaped fronds to six feet long. Flowers are produced on large panicles that contain so many seeds they droop beneath the canopy in late summer. This palm tolerates a wide range of growing conditions and does especially well near the coast where salt spray can be a problem for many plants. This is the state tree for South Carolina and Florida where there are many native palms growing. They transplant in large sizes and take two years to become well established in a new environment. The terminal buds are edible and are the source of "heart of plams" used in salads and other dishes. Once this terminal bud is removed or killed the palm dies.