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Prosopis gladulosa /Mesquite

Prosopis gladulosa  / Prosopis gladulosa
Close-up image of the fine-textured foliage in early summer
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Close-up image of the fine-textured foliage in early summer

Lawn specimen in the San Antonio Botanical Garden

Typical tree canopy on a large, mature specimen

Lush foliage in early summer after a season of rains

Tree trunks on a clump of mature trees

Full tree canopy after a rainy spring at the San Antonio Botanical Garden

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Scientific Name: Prosopis gladulosa
Common Name: Mesquite
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 9, 10 Determine Your Zone
Height: 20-30 feet
Spread: 15 - 20 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: Yellow
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Brown
Light Exposure: Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist,
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Low
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants for Xeriscapes
Plants That Attract Butterflies
Comments: This tree is a legume and grows best in hot, dry landscapes. In xeriscapes this tree finds a good home because it requires very little water. It is well known in Texas and other southwestern states where conditions are hot and dry. While it is an important tree species in the Southwest, it is quite invasive where conditions are favorable for it to grow. The compound leaves are fine textured and fern-like with tiny leaflets. The overall plant form is broad spreading and mounding with low branches. Trees are important sources of wildlife food and shelter.