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Picea abies/Norway Spruce

Picea abies / Picea abies
Spring foliage
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Spring foliage

Foliage on hanging branchlets

Hanging branchlets with new needles

Foliage on older tree

Young foliage on relatively young tree

Typical conical form with growth all the way to the ground

A group of older trees

A close view of mature trees

A grove of trees

Columnar-like growth of established specimens

A cone opening to release seed

Seed cones on established tree

Bark on mature tree

Cascading branchlets with needles

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Scientific Name: Picea abies
Common Name: Norway Spruce
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Needleleaf
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Determine Your Zone
Height: over 50 feet
Spread: 20- 30 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Fruit present: Fall
Fruit color: Brown
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist,
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Deer Resistant-Tolerant Plants
Comments: Does not like hot climates and will not grow below the upper south. Male flowers are stamens in spring while the female ones are enclosed in a cone. Is not drought tolerant and may need additional water when the soil is dry. Used for specimen tree and has been used for Christmas trees. It is a valuable lumber tree.