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Phytolacca americana /Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana  / Phytolacca americana
Young cardinals ready to eat the ripe fruit of the pokeweed in summer
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Young cardinals ready to eat the ripe fruit of the pokeweed in summer

Young fruit and spring growth

Flower spikes and foliage

A plant in heavy fruit set late in the season

Heavy berry set late in the season

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Scientific Name: Phytolacca americana
Common Name: Pokeweed
Plant Type: Deciduous
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Determine Your Zone
Height: 8-10 feet
Spread: 5 - 10 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: White
Fruit present: Summer, Fall
Fruit color: Black
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist,
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Plants that Attract Birds
Comments: The young foliage is edbile, called poke salad. Other than the young leaves, all parts are posionous. It has large, green leaves, red petioles and stems. The juice from the berries was used in making dyes by native Americans. Birds of many kinds feed on the seeds and it is greatly used during migration.