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Phyllostachys nigra /Black Bamboo

Phyllostachys nigra  / Phyllostachys nigra
A grove of the black bamboo
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A grove of the black bamboo

Close-up image of a black bamboo culm

Black bamboo culms make a strong contrast to the snow covered terrain

Old, mature canes

Culms and foliage

Dark colored culms contrasting with the lighter colored foliage

A handsome grove of black bamboo in the Japanese Garden at the Birmingham Botanical Garden

Looking to a Japanese bridge from within a clump of the black bamboo

Dense mass of black bamboo on the edge of an old established grove

A large clump of black bamboo with several stages of culm development -- greens are young while black are mature canes

Large grove at the Birmingham Botanical Garden

Clums of several ages showing difference in color

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Scientific Name: Phyllostachys nigra
Common Name: Black Bamboo
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 7, 8, 9, 10 Determine Your Zone
Height: 30-50 feet
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist,
Rate of Growth: Fast
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Bark, Trunk, and Branch Features
Plants for Hedges, Screening and Privacy
Comments: New culms emerge green every spring and through a progression of color change, they turn black in 3 years. It is one of the most sought after bamboos because of its polished, ebony-black mature canes and dark green. It can grow to heightof 40 feet, but a height of 20-25 feet is more common.