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Persea borbonia /Red Bay

Persea borbonia  / Persea borbonia
Close-up of young foliage
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Close-up of young foliage

Young tree with shrub-like growth

Yellow-green foliage

Foliage is highly aromatic when crushed

Yellow flowers tucked in the axils of the leaves

Summer foliage

Foliage late in the season

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Scientific Name: Persea borbonia
Common Name: Red Bay
Plant Type: Evergreen
Leaf Type: Broadleaf
Hardiness Zone: 8, 9 Determine Your Zone
Height: 30-50 feet
Spread: 15 - 20 feet
Bloom time: Spring
Flower color: Yellow
Fruit present: Fall, Winter
Fruit color: Blue
Light Exposure: Sun, Part Sun
Drainage: Well drained, Moist
Rate of Growth: Slow
Water Requirement: Medium
Maintenance Level: Low
Susceptible to insects
and diseases:
Landscape Categories: Herb
Plants for Hedges, Screening and Privacy
Comments: The thick leaves are dark green, aromatic and are used as a cooking spice. With an upright form, it will fit into narrow or small spaces in the landscape. Leaves are very prone to heavy infestations of leaf gall insects in late summer. Laurel wilt, a new disease of redbay and other plant species in the Lauraceae family is causing widespread problems in the coastal regions of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The disease is caused by a fungus that is introduced into trees by an exotic insect, the rebay ambrosia beetle which is native to Asia.